2016香港助人指數發布 暨「好心 地」手機應用程式啟動禮
2016 Hong Kong Altruism Index Release and Mobile Application “Helppiness” Launch Ceremony

2016香港助人指數

中心曾在2014年首次公布了香港助人指數調查結果,獲得廣泛關注。此後亦發表了學術文章,驗證了該指數的信度和效度。2016年,中心獲得周大福慈善基金的資助,再次進行了以助人指數為主題的調查,隨機訪問了3016位本港居民,了解他們的助人行為和身心福祉情況。

調查顯示:以滿分10分來計算,本港居民助人指數的平均分為5.25分,屬中等,仍有進步空間。但對比2014年,本港社會已有顯著進步,對助人行為的總參與程度由61.1%增加到71.1%。根據中心的最新學術研究,助人可以分為四個理論維度,分別為『義工服務』,『慈善捐款』,『捐血和器官捐贈』,以及『日常義助』。過去的兩年裡,本港社會對義工服務的參與度從39.1%提升到51.3%;而日常義助從82.4%升到98.0%。慈善捐款由於過往的參與度以及很高,此次提升不大。而捐血和器官方面,本地的參與度一直偏低,僅從44%升至50%,值得關注。

身心福祉方面,對比2014年,本港居民對健康和家庭關係的滿意度沒有顯著變化,但在職人士的工作滿意度方面卻發現顯著下降。統計分析發現受訪者的助人指數總分、以及『義工服務』、『捐贈金錢』、『捐血和器官捐贈』和『日常義助』四方面的得分均與其身心福祉得分之間呈現顯著正相關,再次印證助人為快樂之源。

義工Allan:退而不休,助人助己

2016助人指數調查發現本地長者參與義務服務的比例相比2014年大增。為此,大會特別邀請了一名退休人士Allan分享過去18年的義工經歷。他首先接觸義工服務是在公司的義工隊。他表示參加義工後變得更有自信,並在人生裡尋找到意義和價值。作為退休人士,他深深體會到義工如何幫助他保持身心健康,減輕退休時容易出現的失落感或抑鬱。他亦強調由年長的人向長者提供義工服務更為見效,在關心對方時較年青人更容易打開話題、更投契,因此鼓勵退休人士加入義工行列,助人助己。

年青人阿山:關心朋輩,守護生命

2016助人指數調查亦發現年輕人在日常生活中幫助周圍人提供情緒支援的比例增大。因此,大會亦邀請了一名大專學生阿山分享有關為朋友提供情緒支援的經驗。他憶述去年面對身邊的人表達自殺念頭,令他感到傍惶,不知道如何能幫助對方。但他都保持冷靜,陪伴對方尋求學校社工的協助。這經驗讓他更有信心幫助受情緒困擾的朋友。被問及經常擔起關心及照顧他人的角色,會否感到疲乏,他表示少不免會因為對方而心情感到沉重,但也明白這種情況下「唔好全靠自己」,而是向專業的社工尋求協助。阿山鼓勵大家:「有時候,一句關心的問候『你點呀?』已經很足夠,所以大家不要怕尷尬,踏出一步關心你身邊的朋友吧!」

「好心 地」手機應用程式

在2014年的調研中,中心瞭解到許多人未能多參與助人是因為資訊不足,不知道可以去哪裡幫人。因此,中心特別研發了「好心 地」手機應用程式。它是香港首創的義助資訊平台,資訊包括:義工服務、籌款活動、賣旗日、捐血,以至日常的善行。用家不僅可以使用程式搜尋和記錄不同的助人資訊,還可以自主上傳和分享資訊,令更多人可以方便地發起助人活動。

應用程式現正式向公眾發佈。手機用戶可以掃描右方的QR碼下載,或在 Google Play 商店(Android用戶)或 App Store(iPhone用戶)搜索「好心地」進行下載。程式有繁體中文及英文兩種語言可供選擇,並適用於Android及Apple兩種平台。更多資訊請訪問 http://csrp.hku.hk/helppiness

周大福慈善基金代表曾安業理事總結

是次助人指數調研及手機程式開發均獲得周大福慈善基金的資助。基金代表曾安業理事在會上致詞,表示對於近日時有發生的悲劇感到痛心,同時亦高興從研究中得知「助人為快樂之本」是經科學實證的。曾理事鼓勵大家下載並使用「好心 地」應用程式,同時呼籲各界攜手推廣助人行為。

下載本新聞稿的 PDF

下載2016香港助人指數研究報告中文版本。

下載香港居民助人指數得分香港社會助人行為參與率的資訊圖表。

傳媒查詢請聯絡︰邱世邦先生(Rickey),電話︰2831 5232,電郵︰csrp@hku.hk

2016 Hong Kong Altruism Index

CSRP released the first Altruism Index Survey results in 2014, which gained much public attention. An academic paper was later published on the validation and reliability of the Altruism Index. With the generous support of Chow Tai Fook Charity Foundation, CSRP conducted another round of territory-wide survey on altruism in late 2016. A total of 3,016 Hong Kong citizens were randomly recruited in the study on their altruistic behaviours and well-being status.

According to the findings, the average altruism score for Hong Kong residents is 5.25 out of 10, only around average, therefore leaving much room for improvement. The total participation rate of altruistic behaviours surged from 61.1% in 2014 to 80.4% in 2016, a significant improvement compared to 2014. The Altruism Index consists of four dimensions, namely Volunteering, Monetary Donation, Blood and Organ Donations, and Informal Help. In the past two years, there were a huge improvement in people’s participation in voluntary work and offering informal help to others in Hong Kong – the participation rates of volunteering raised from 39.1% to 71.1%; and informal help increased from 82.4% to 98.0%. The participation rate for monetary donation remained high in 2016 and its increase was insignificant as compared to 2014. The participation rate for blood and organ donations remained low at 50% in 2016, from around 44% in 2014.

When compared to 2014, there were no significant changes in Hong Kong people’s satisfaction of physical health and family relationship while job satisfaction of those working reduced significantly. According to statistical analysis, the well-being of people in Hong Kong is positively associated with the overall altruism scores, volunteering, monetary donation, blood and organ donations and informal help. This once again demonstrates that helping others is the source of happiness.

Allan: Volunteering in retirement helps others and oneself.

The 2016 Survey indicated a surge in the number of senior volunteers from 2014. Allan, a retiree, shared his volunteering experience in the past 18 years. He first worked as a volunteer through his company. After joining, he became more confident in himself and found the purposes and values of life. Allan told how volunteering has played a pivotal role in enhancing his physical and mental well-being, reducing his sense of loss and depression from retirement. Senior volunteers are having an advantage over young people in elderly services because they can understand the needs of old people more, he said, and encouraged more retirees to participate in volunteering to help others and themselves.

Shan: Caring a friend in need is guarding life

The 2016 Survey also revealed a significant increase in the participation rate of informal help among young people. Shan, a tertiary student, shared how he had provided emotional support to his friends. He recalled his anxiousness and helplessness when his friend first told him his suicide thoughts. Shan managed to remain calm and accompanied his friend to seek professional help from the school counsellor. After the incident, he has become more confident in offering help to those emotionally distressed. When he was asked whether he felt tired of being always the carer, he agreed that there were times of feeling a heavy load due to the emotions of his friends. In such circumstances, he understood he should not rely on his own strength but to seek professional help. He said: “A simple greeting like “how are you?” is all you need to express your care to a person. Put aside the embarrassment that worries you and reach out to your friends in need.”

Mobile Application “Helppiness

In the 2014 Survey, it was revealed that many people did not engage in altruistic acts due to a lack of information. In this regard, CSRP has developed “Helppiness”, an information platform and the first of its kind in Hong Kong to provide information on helping opportunities including volunteering work, Flag Day donation, blood donation, and daily acts of kindness. Users can search and record a wide range of helping opportunities using the app. They can also upload information to promote informal helping in society.

Mobile phone users can download ‘Helppiness’ by scanning the QR code on the right, or by searching “Helppiness” in the Google Play Store for Android users or the App Store for iPhone users. It is available in traditional Chinese and English for both Android and iPhone users. For more information about Helppiness, please visit http://csrp.hku.hk/helppiness.

Closing by Mr Tsang Patrick On Yip, representative of the Chow Tai Fook Charity Foundation

The 2016 Survey and the development of Helppiness were supported by the Chow Tai Fook Charity Foundation. Mr Tsang, Patrick On Yip, a representative from the foundation, said he was saddened by recent student suicide cases. He was happy to learn from the survey findings that many people consider helping others the source of happiness. He encouraged the public to download Helppiness to help promote the spirit and acts of altruism.

This press release can be downloaded here in PDF format.

The full report in English can be downloaded here.

The infographics for Hong Kong Resident’s Altruism Index Score and Hong Kong Population’s Participation Rate can be downloaded here.

For media enquiries, please contact: Rickey Yau, Tel: 2831 5232, Email: csrp@hku.hk