Category

News

Connected for Life – Press Release
連結關愛 守護生命

By | News | No Comments

DSC00571_lr

香港大學香港賽馬會防止自殺研究中心於6月29日舉辦以「連結關愛 守護生命」為主題的新聞發布會。透過與Facebook及其他合作夥伴機構聯合發布《有困難,我撐你》指引手冊,以鼓勵每一位社會成員都能為身邊有情緒危機的人士提供幫助,守護生命。

防止自殺研究中心總監葉兆輝教授在開幕詞中指出,本地社會在精神健康問題方面仍存在較重的污名化,許多受情緒或精神問題困擾的人士不敢求助,或不知道從何求助。以近兩年半的學生自殺問題為例,防止自殺研究中心最新收集的資料發現,約30%的死者生前曾被診斷有精神科問題,但僅有不到9%的死者曾接受相關的社會服務。甚至有的死者生前懷疑自己有精神科問題,但不敢求醫,只上網搜尋相關訊息,鬱鬱而終。

葉教授指出,只有全社會積極提供幫助,才能令受困擾人士勇於敞開心房,尋求並接受幫助。他欣賞社交媒體平台如Facebook願意利用自身對青年人有著深遠影響的優勢來促進在線安全以及支持有需要的人士。Facebook主動與防止自殺研究中心接洽,聯同香港青年協會及撒瑪利亞會編輯了《有困難,我撐你》指引手冊。該手冊簡要地提供了結合研究證據與前線經驗以處理情緒危機及自殺行為的技巧,於線上及線下皆可應用,讓大家能為有需要的人士提供及時、妥善的幫助。指引手冊特別注重本地化製作,採用了現今社會年輕人的常用語言,且由香港本地設計師設計。香港藝人楊千嬅小姐亦透過Facebook特別錄製的關愛短片,表達對是次自殺預防倡議的支持,希望公眾熱愛生命,關心身邊人。

《有困難,我撐你》將透過多間公益機構向社工、教師、家長、學生及有需要的人免費派發。指引手冊的電子版亦可從任何一個合作夥伴機構的網站上免費下載。防止自殺研究中心會將指引手冊派發給加入「優質教育基金培養學生正面態度和價值觀網絡」的中小學,提供給第一線的社工和老師參考,而香港青年協會亦將會把指引手冊派發給有加入該協會服務網絡的學校,救助兒童會同時也會在街頭活動中派發指引手冊。

各個合作夥伴機構的代表於新聞發布會上介紹各自機構為有需要的年輕人提供的援助,歡迎各界人士善用這些服務。Facebook香港及台灣公共政策總監陳澍先生表示,Facebook非常有幸藉此機會與港大等不同專業和公益組織合作,這也是繼近期Facebook啟動全新網上自殺自殘預防功能之後,第一次在線下為香港度身定制,推出最符合香港本地實際情況及語言習慣的指引手冊 。

香港青年協會督導主任徐小曼女士認同社交媒體是聯繫及服務青年人的主要平台。她分享青協近年開展通過社交媒體接觸及服務青年的經歷,並演示介紹如何通過Facebook及Whatsapp獲取青協的求助資訊和服務。

撒瑪利亞會項目顧問賴美芳女士表示,青少年遇到問題或負面情緒時,朋輩往往是他們最直接而信任的傾訴對象,有見及此,撒瑪利亞會透過「友伴同行」生命互勉計劃,讓青年人認識情緒困擾、抑鬱症、自傷和自殺的徵兆、成因和預防方法,促進青年人彼此間的聆聽與溝通,在朋輩間發揮互助互勉的精神。賴女士並寄語青年人要「多聆聽,少批判」。

香港救助兒童會總幹事方曉明女士介紹該會的服務,透過跟不同單位合作,為兒童建立完整的支援網絡,例如透過電話熱線為家長及兒童提供情緒輔導,亦透過充權方式,鼓勵兒童直接參與社會,重拾生存及生活意義。

葉教授總結道,《有困難,我撐你》的編輯與發佈體現出香港社會有很多有心人,亦有豐富的社會資源。與會人士共同發出呼籲:任何人都可能面臨困難,求助並不意味著軟弱,而當你發現身邊有人需要幫助時,你也可以善用社會資源,更好地去幫助對方。無論是線上及線下,透過積極的溝通、富有同理心的傾聽與支持,大家都可以成為生命的守護者。

help-a-friend-in-need-hk_200下載《有困難,我撐你》指引手冊

觀看楊千嬅小姐的關愛短片

Press Conference – Connected for Life
「連結關愛 守護生命」新聞發布會

By | News, Press Conference | No Comments

The HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention (CSRP) of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) will hold a press conference on Wednesday, 29 June 2016 with the theme “Connected for Life.” You are cordially invited to attend and cover this event.

Responding to the student suicide phenomenon, CSRP has worked with Facebook, the Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups (HKFYG), and The Samaritans Hong Kong to edit a booklet, “Help a Friend,” to guide the public how to appropriately help others who are emotionally distressed or even suicidal. Save the Children Hong Kong will also join efforts to promote the booklet. While releasing the booklet at the press conference, CSRP, joined by representatives of social media industry and social service organizations, ask the public to become suicide prevention gatekeepers. By promoting public awareness of suicide prevention and support to vulnerable individuals, we hope the community members, online and offline, will act as good Samaritans to each other and be connected for life. Representatives from different organizations will share their experiences of reaching out and providing support to vulnerable youth.

DETAILS OF THE PRESS CONFERENCE

Date: Wednesday, 29 June 2016
Time: 3:30 pm (Media registration begins at 3:15pm)
Venue: CPD 2.42, Centennial Campus, HKU
Language: Cantonese (English is available for Q&A session)
Moderator: Professor Paul YIP (Director of CSRP, HKU)

PROGRAMME:

3:30 – 3:40 Professor Yip delivering latest suicide statistics
3:40 – 3:45 Release “Help a Friend” booklet and Video showing
3:45 – 4:05 Panel sharing:

  • Mr. George CHEN (Head of Public Policy, Hong Kong & Taiwan, Facebook)
  • Ms. Siu Man HSU (Supervisor, the Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups)
  • Professor George WOO (Chairman of the Board, The Samaritans)
  • Ms. Amy FONG (Chief Executive, Save the Children Hong Kong)
4:05 – 4:30 Q&A session

ABOUT THE PARTNERS (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER)

Facebook was founded in 2004. Facebook’s mission is to give people the power to share and make the world more open and connected. People use Facebook to stay connected with friends and family, to discover what’s going on in the world, and to share and express what matters to them.

The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups (hkfyg.org.hk | m21.hk) was founded in 1960 and is now the city’s largest youth service organisation. For the last 54 years, it has been committed to serving the youth of Hong Kong through the provision of a variety of services, activities and programmes, which have an annual attendance of over five million. We encourage youth to reach their fullest potential and with community support, we now have over 60 service units. We also have 12 core services, which include the Youth S.P.O.Ts, M21 Multimedia Services, Employment Services, Youth at Risk Services, Counselling Services, Parenting Services, Leadership Training, Volunteer Services, Education Services, Creativity Education and Youth Exchange, Leisure, Cultural and Sports Services, and Research and Publications. We encourage young people to grow into responsible and dutiful citizens and we now have over 170,000 registered volunteers and 410,000 registered members. We believe that our motto “HKFYG • Here for You” reaffirms our commitment and dedication to the young people of Hong Kong.

The Samaritans is a non-profit, non-religious organisation giving confidential emotional support to people who are suicidal or are in emotional or mental distress through our 24-hour hotline and email service. Our service is provided to anyone regardless of age, creed, ethnicity, gender, gender identity or sexual orientation since 1974. Last year, The Samaritans provided hotline service to over 30,000 callers.

Save the Children believes every child deserves a future. In Hong Kong and around the world, we give children a healthy start in life, the opportunity to learn and protection from harm. We do whatever it takes for children – every day and in times of crisis – transforming their lives and the future we share. We have 30 national organizations working together to deliver programmes in around 120 countries. Save the Children Hong Kong was established in 2009.

MEDIA ENQUIRIES

Mr. Rickey YAU
Tel.: 2831 5232
Email: csrp@hku.hk

  DOWNLOAD FULL PRESS RELEASE HERE

香港大學香港賽馬會防止自殺研究中心(簡稱「防止自殺研究中心」)將於2016年6月29日(星期三)舉辦以「連結關愛 守護生命」為主題的新聞發布會,誠邀蒞臨報導。

因應近來的學生自殺問題,「防止自殺研究中心」聯合Facebook、香港青年協會(簡稱「青協」)、撒瑪利亞會共同編輯了《有困難,我撐你》指引手冊,並將攜手香港救助兒童會共同推廣。借發佈此手冊之機,「防止自殺研究中心」聯合社交媒體業界及社會服務組織代表,呼籲各界人士都可成為生命的守護者,提高對心理危機的認識,無論是在線上或線下都可多作傾談與表達關愛,守望相助。各與會嘉賓並將分享在各自領域如何主動聯絡青少年,為他們提供支援和幫助。

新聞發布會詳情

日期:2016年6月29日(星期三)
時間:下午3時半(傳媒登記時間︰下午3時15分)
地點:香港大學百週年校園 CPD 2.42
語言:粵語主講(問答環節可使用英文)
主持人:葉兆輝教授(香港大學香港賽馬會防止自殺研究中心總監)

流程

3:30 – 3:40 葉兆輝教授開幕發言
3:40 – 3:45 發佈《有困難,我撐你》指引手冊並播映關愛短片
3:45 – 4:05 嘉賓分享:

  • 陳澍先生(Facebook香港及台灣公共政策總監)
  • 徐小曼女士(香港青年協會督導主任)
  • 胡志城教授(撒瑪利亞會董事會主席)
  • 方曉明女士(香港救助兒童會總幹事)
4:05 – 4:30 答問環節

關於合作夥伴(按機構英文名稱字母順序排列):

Facebook成立於2004年,致力為大衆提供分享平台,讓世界更開放,聯繫更緊密。通過Facebook,用戶與親友保持聯繫,發掘新鮮資訊,分享生活故事。

香港青年協會 hkfyg.org.hk | m21.hk(簡稱青協)於1960年成立,是香港最具規模的青年服務機構。隨著社會不斷轉變,青年所面對的機遇和挑戰時有不同,而青協一直不離不棄,關愛青年並陪伴他們一同成長。本著以青年為本的精神,我們透過專業服務和多元化活動,培育年青一代發揮潛能,為社會貢獻所長。至今每年使用我們服務的人次已超過500萬。在社會各界支持下,我們全港設有60多個服務單位,全面支援青年人的需要,並提供學習、交流和發揮創意的平台。此外,青協登記會員人數已超過41萬;而為推動青年發揮互助精神、實踐公民責任的青年義工網絡,亦有逾17萬登記義工。在「青協有您需要」的信念下,我們致力拓展12項核心服務,全面回應青年的需要,並為他們提供適切服務,包括:青年空間、M21 媒體服務、就業支援、邊青服務、輔導服務、家長服務、領袖培訓、義工服務、教育服務、創意交流、文康體藝及研究出版。

撒瑪利亞會是一個非牟利、無宗教立場的團體,主要服務是為精神和情緒受困擾或有自殺傾向的人士提供24小時情緒支援熱線和電郵服務。自1974年起,撒瑪利亞會服務本港社群的所有人士,不論其年齡、宗教信仰、種族、性別、性別認同或性傾向,撒瑪利亞會均盡力提供協助。去年,撒瑪利亞提供超過三萬個求助電話。

救助兒童會相信每個孩子都值得擁有未來。在香港及世界各地,我們予兒童一個健康生命的開始、學習的機會及免受傷害的保護。我們致力為每日受危難影響的兒童而努力,以改變他們的生命及分享我們的未來。我們全球的30個辦事處於120多個國家進行救緩工作,而救助兒童會香港辦事處於2009年成立。

傳媒查詢

邱世邦先生(Rickey YAU)
電話︰2831 5232
電郵︰csrp@hku.hk

  下載新聞稿

Introducing Well-being in Hong Kong

By | News, What's New | No Comments

hong-kong-1081704_for_csrp

The HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention (CSRP) is pleased to introduce a new website, Well-being in Hong Kong, which aims to be a platform for research, opinion, and guidance on how to make communities healthier and happier. 

Well-being in Hong Kong aims to engage stakeholders on a number of levels. On a policy level, it will highlight relevant academic literature on mental health and well-being from Hong Kong and internationally. In doing so, it aims to facilitate debate and discussion about how the conditions for well-being can be realised, and encourage knowledge exchange between academics and policymakers. 

The website also aims to engage with stakeholders on a more individual level, recognising that social change depends on personal change. It will offer well-being tips from the CSRP, and provide surveys and tools that can be used at home and in educational settings. We are also inviting the wider community to share their experiences and impressions of well-being through the Journey of Mind section. 

For the launch, the website features several articles exploring issues as diverse as youth withdrawal and isolation, workplace injuries, and social support for those out of work. In the near future, we’re planning to discuss well-being in education, and how schools and colleges are taking steps to ward off stress and to strengthen the resilience of young people. 

Uniting all of these issues are the underlying questions of what well-being is, and how we can prioritise and promote well-being in our communities and society. And to help us all avoid becoming too stressed by the challenges that lie ahead, we’re also launching with a ‘well-being bite’ exploring the subject of gratitude, and inviting website visitors to take a survey to see if they are taking enough time to appreciate the things that we can already be grateful for. 

Above all, the website aims to engage and interact the broader community. The CSRP is therefore inviting contributions and comments from all those that want to make Hong Kong, and the wider world, a happier place to live. We’re also looking for designers and creative people to participate in our logo competition, with a number of prizes for winning entries. So please visit the website, take a look at the features and reach out to us via the comments, Journey of Mind, or Contact section. 

回應有關自我傷害的事件:多點同理心少點批判

By | News, What's New | No Comments

近日網路上廣傳有關青少年自我傷害的照片,引起不少人作出負面的評論。身體髮膚,受之父母,要愛惜自己的身體是我們從小就學習到的事。無可否認,自我傷害的行為令人痛心又不安。有人回應事件時指出自我傷害行為被當成「表演」、「英雄主義」、「扭曲價值觀」等行為,又指當事人「覺得做法好型」。然而,相信在網路上發言的絕大部分人都不清楚當事人的真正想法和感受。我們聽到的批判聲音很多,但真正理解的實在很少。

研究指出,一個有自我傷害行為的人背後極可能面對著不同的挑戰。例如正在經歷多種的負面情緒 (Hasking et al., 2008),缺乏社交支援及人際關係不理想 (Toprak et al., 2011),而自殺的風險亦比一般人高 (Nock et al., 2006)。美國則有學者指出,大部分有自我傷害行為的青少年人在童年時曾經歷過情感虐待或家庭暴力 (Brodsky, Cloitre, & Dulit, 1995; Perry, & Herman, 1991)。自我傷害行為在青少年中頗為常見。在心理學的角度,自我傷害行為被視為宣洩或逃避負面情緒的一種方法。

換個角度想,青少年人將有關自我傷害的照片上載到社交網站的目的,也許是沉默的吶喊,也許是求救的訊號 (a call for help),也許是希望得到一份關心及一個問候。自我傷害固然不是大家希望看到的事情,我們亦不知道在自我傷害背後有多少故事及眼淚。無情的指責和批評非但不能制止當事人的自我傷害行為,反而可能令其受到更大打擊,感受到更多社會孤立(social isolation),令其自我傷害乃至自殺的風險加劇。倘若希望糾正自我傷害行為,何不多走一步,問一下當事人遭遇了什麼困難,用心理解對方的經歷和情緒,幫他/她將困難用言語,而非自我傷害的方法表達出來。一句譏諷,或許成為壓死駱駝的最後一根稻草;一句問侯,卻或許可以挽救一條生命。預防自殺,傳遞關愛,你我也可出一點力。 #WeCare #與你同行

Reference

Brodsky, B. S., Cloitre, M., & Dulit, R. A. (1995). Relationship of Dissociation to Self-Mutilation and Childhood Abuse in Borderline Personality Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(12), 1788-1792

Hasking H., Momeni R., Swannell S., & Chia S. (2008). The nature and extent of non-suicidal self-injury in a non-clinical sample of young adults. Archives of Suicide Research, 12, 208-218

Nock M., Joiner T., Gordon K., Lloyd-Richardson E., and Prinstein M. (2006). Non-suicidal self-injury: diagnostic correlates and relation to suicide attempts. Psychiatry Research, 144, 65-72

.

CSRP Responding to No-Suicide Contract 有關「不自殺契約」的爭議

By | News, What's New | No Comments

有關「不自殺契約」的爭議

近日大家都為到網路上廣傳的「不自殺契約」而議論紛紛,質疑其成效及可靠性。就有關議論,不少心理學家已發表回應,指出「不自殺契約」實為輔導工具,當求助者透露自己有自殺念頭時,由輔導員或心理學家決定是否適合使用,而在一般情況下不會廣泛派發給學生。

「不自殺契約」於七十年代由精神科醫生及心理學家設計。當時「不自殺契約」被視為防止自殺的慣例,因此大部分的精神科醫護人員及心理學家於受訓時均會學習到如何運用此工具。然而,在二千年代有大量學術研究指出「不自殺契約」不一定能有效防止自殺。

英國預防自殺的學者Tony White指出,前線的輔導專家在使用「不自殺契約」的同時,必須明白契約背後的理論才能發揮其功效(White, 2011)。「不自殺契約」不單止是一份文件,在使用此契約時,專家應與求助者共同討論有關個人責任 (Concept of personal responsibility)、契約的意義 (Theory of contracts)及早期決定的理論 (Theory of early decisions)。契約本身能否有效減低自殺的機率雖然具爭議性,可貴的是在輔導及簽訂契約的過程中,前線輔導人員與求助者同行並讓其感受到被關懷。假若沒有關愛,契約也只不過是一份冷冰冰的文件。

近半年所發生的學生輕生事件實在令人痛心疾首。雖然不一定每人都能為預防自殺走到最前線,但培養關愛氣氛,關心身邊的親友,絕對是你我也能做得到的事。如欲獲得更多資訊,請瀏覽本中心 #與你同行 #WeCare網頁。

*White, T. (2011). Working with suicidal individuals: A guide to providing understanding, assessment and support

This Year in Suicide Prevention – e-Newsletter (Jan 2016)

By | News | No Comments

Happy 2016 friends and colleagues.

DSC04381_lrmTime flies, and it is 2016 already. Recently, we have been making plans to strengthen engagement with our stakeholders in the community. We have recreated our website to offer a more modern appearance, and easier and quicker access to information and resources. We are also excited to introduce quarterly e-newsletters as a channel to maintain regular and efficient communication with our friends and partners in the community.

Please read the newsletter and subscribe to stay updated with activities from the Centre and the broader field of suicide prevention.

Paul Yip, Director of the Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention

For the first e-newsletter, please click here

Media’s Commitment in Suicide Prevention remains Strong!

By | News | No Comments

There have been devastating suicide news we regretted to learn just shortly after we set foot in 2016. May we first take this opportunity to send our deepest condolence to the family of the deceased and be reminded there are community resources for those who’re in need. On the other side though, it is gratifying to see the media have changed from extensive reporting of suicide cases in the past to a simpler and more objective manner nowadays. The vast majority of these articles also contain professional advices and helplines resources. These not only reflect the changes in media professionals, it also shows the society as a whole is taking steps toward a more loving, caring, and empathetic community. All these require hard work from different stakeholders within the community, and they require even more hard work to maintain this achievement.

Comparing with Western countries, suicide news in Hong Kong are reported much more frequently. We have constantly urged local media to report suicide news responsibly, but by no means, we attempted to forbid the report of any suicide news. We are truly aware that just like any news, ones that involve with public interest should be reported by the media. We have also encouraged local media to investigate and discuss thoroughly about the impact of society in suicide incidents, subsequently raise the public awareness in suicide prevention. Nevertheless, most suicide news reported weren’t a matter of public interest, rather it became a mean to further harm the deceased and their family. It also encouraged stigmatisation towards a particular group of people (e.g. psychiatric patients) or places (e.g. estate being named as the “estate of death”). There are more and more research pointing out that suicide news may lead to copycat acts on those who are vulnerable, creating a devastating vicious cycle within the society.

Our centre introduced the WHO Suicide Media Guideline to Hong Kong media professionals in 2004. Sadly, the introduction of the media guideline was not as effective as we thought it would be. Through engagement with several media professionals, we see media professionals uphold a sense of commitment in improving the society through the media. However, due to the lack of knowledge on how news report can be a potential risk factor for suicide and the urge to chase after more “exciting” news, they sometimes negated the fact that these suicide news articles can be damaging to vulnerable individuals.

In order to tackle this problem, we started to change our strategy in approaching media professionals and work hand-in-hand with local media. Under the support from the University’s Knowledge Exchange Fund, we are able to monitor suicide news articles in a daily basis. We will contact the editors and request for amendments if we discover a problematic article that might cause harm to any individuals or public. Having said that, we emphasise that we respect and treasure the freedom of press, with no intention whatsoever to influence the independence of any media professionals. We, however, hopes to recommend and discuss on such matter solely base on humanitarian and social responsibility perspective. This healthy engagement have not only created a platform for constructive communication between media and us, the media have also responded to our concerns very positively. An even more heartening news is that some media professionals are willing to take the initiative to learn more about the latest research findings and movement on suicide preventions and actively promote suicide preventions to the public, not waiting for another tragic to strike.

All in all, we would like to express our sincere gratitude to the all media professionals and local media for their contribution in the works of suicide prevention. Through this precious chance, we hope to reiterate the three basic principles of reporting suicide news. Firstly, avoid reporting suicide news if it does not involve the public interest. Secondly, please take consideration of the mental status of high risk group when reporting suicide. Lastly, media professionals should practice self-care and pluck up their courage to seek help when needed. The media is our most precious gateway of information. We are grateful for your professionalism in delivering news to the society. A call to all medial professional: keep your empathy, and more importantly uphold your commitment in improving the society. We are confident that the media will continue to serve great contribution in suicide prevention!

This article in chinese with heading 不忘初心 傳媒可為預防自殺做出積極貢獻 was published by MingPao@A29 on 20 Jan 2016. Read by following this link.

Press Conference – From Compensation to Rehabilitation
不止賠償 更要「重返工作」

By | Events, News, Press Conference, Project Update | No Comments

From Compensation to Rehabilitation

A Social Review of the Employees’ Compensation Insurance System in Hong Kong
Research Findings Release

In Hong Kong, about 200 fatal and 55,000 to 60,000 non-fatal cases resulting from work-related accidents and diseases have been recorded each year. Occupational rehabilitation with an emphasis on early and comprehensive intervention immediately after injuries has demonstrated to be the international best practice in disability management post occupational injuries. The practice, however, has not beenProfessor Paul Yip listened attentively during the Q&A session widely adopted in Hong Kong. To have an understanding of the underlying reasons, the Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention (CSRP), Department of Social Work and Social Administration of the University of Hong Kong (HKU), has conducted a consultancy project jointly with the Employees’ Compensation Insurance Residual Scheme Bureau (ECIRSB) to review the Employees’ Compensation system for local workers.

The CSRP held a press conference on 14 Dec 2015 to release its latest research findings and recommendations from the project on restoring the well-being of injured workers. Press release is available in both English and Chinese. The Powerpoint presentation is available in Chinese.

At the press conference, Professor Paul Yip presented the latest statistics on work-related deaths and injuries in Hong Kong, and on compensation insurance claims, such as the demographic characteristics of the workers who filed insurance claims, the types of common injuries, and number of working days lost from injury. He also spoke about the major problems in the current system, namely a compensation-focused culture and the physical and psychological barriers that hinder the success of return-to-work for injured workers, such as stress from family and employers, and the loss of self-esteem. Recognizing the challenges encountered by injured workers on the road of recovery, professor Yip stressed the importance of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention strategies and called for a collaborative effort of building a worker-centered system.

DSC00037Doctor Sheung Wai Law, an honorary clinical associate professor from the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), shared a success story of implementing a multidisciplinary rehabilitation model with the focus on early intervention – the  Multidisciplinary Orthopedics Rehabilitation Empowerment (MORE) Programme. This programme has demonstrated great success in facilitating early and safe return-to-work for injured workers. With the positive impacts brought by the MORE programme, the project hopes to initiate efforts of expanding the programme, so more injured workers can gain access.

Last but not least, the CSRP would like to express gratitude to all the stakeholders who contributed to the project and those who provided utmost support for the project’s effort in propelling meaningful changes for workers health and social well-being of Hong Kong.

World Mental Health Day 2015

By | Events, News | No Comments

全人健康:尊重與關愛 / Holistic Health: Respect and Care

撰稿:鄭雅心 / By Mabel Cheng

本年度世界精神健康日(World Mental Health Day)的主題為精神健康與尊嚴。對於健康,社會向來很重視。坊間處處都能找到預防生理疾病及養生的資訊,唯獨是忽視了成就全人健康的另一重要元素:精神及心理健康。情緒病在東方文化中可算是個大眾忌諱的話題。每提起情緒病,總會有人覺得不安、避而不談、或對患者有先入為主的負面評價,而造成歧視等問題。這是因為大多數人對於情緒病都有所誤解,認為患上情緒病的人必定是「壞人」、「心理變態」、或是「極度負面」、「失去理智」的人。無可否認這些負面的標籤在不知不覺間剝削了精神病人應得到的公平對待。本年度的主題–尊嚴,所指的正正就是當事人自身的價值和被尊重的權利。

心理疾病,其實就是心靈上的一場傷風感冒,每個人亦有機會患上。與其他的身體疾病一樣,患病並不是個人選擇,所以也不應影響當事人的價值。生病也許代表其免疫系統暫時戰敗,需要休養及被照顧。而「生病」,從來都不是人自身的「錯」。較早前的一套本地電影《暴瘋語》帶出了一些好例子。故事講述范國生劉青雲飾)因為痛失愛子,情緒過度低落而患上精神分裂,於病發時錯手殺害妻子而被判入精神病院作長期治療。數年後,其主診醫生周明傑(黃曉明飾)認為國生已康復並決定讓他重新投身社會。然而,重獲自由的國生因為其患病紀錄及經歷而受盡種種歧視,使他再度感到情緒低落,臨近崩潰。同時,在他的住所附近發生了一宗命案,國生一度被認定是殺人兇手。無論國生怎樣努力為自己辯護也是徒勞無功。最後,他選擇了為自己沒有犯的過錯而認罪。對他來說,被社會歧視的痛苦程度與坐冤獄的分別實在不大。在被診斷為精神病患者的瞬間,彷彿已被社會判決「終生監禁」。精神病這個標籤無情地奪去了他的自由、人權、及被尊重的權利。

試想想,癌症病人從治療中復原過來,總會得到很多祝福和鼓勵。相反,精神病康復者不但未必得到所需的支持,反而還須承受歧視的眼光和不公平的對待。要解決歧視問題,首先我們先要明白精神病及情緒病並不是可恥之事。能引發精神病的因素很多,包括生理、心理、環境、生活壓力、支援網絡等等。其實每個人都潛在著「生病」的機會,當人生出現突如其來的轉變,例如失業、意外、喪親等的事情,而又未能適當地處理自己的情緒,患上精神或情緒病的機會便大大提高。電影中有三個角色患有精神病,包括主角范國生國生的岳母(鮑起靜飾),及國生的精神科主診醫生周明傑。故事中三個角色均來自不同的社會階級及教育背景。唯一相同的,就是每個角色都各自面對著某些悲痛的經歷,例如失去至親。大部分的精神病患者所背負著的,不單是社會的歧視目光,可能還有造成病發的一些慘痛經歷。在批判、歧視、指責、取笑之前,何不先理解對方的苦處,或至少給予一份基本的尊重?

精神病患及康復者所需要的,不單是一個重新開始的機會,還有一份關愛及同理心-理解他們所面對的傷痛、病患中的苦難、及重生後的掙扎。電影中引用了一句葛萊斯科皇室精神病院患者的絮語:「精神病就像暴風雨,會落在好人和壞人的頭上,誰也無法躲避,雖然是永遠的不幸,但不比其他疾病來得更罪惡和丟臉。」當下社會最需要的,也許是少一點批判,多一點關愛。

改變的第一步是增強大眾對心理健康及心理疾病的知識,減輕歧視出現的可能性。相關機構可從不同途徑,例如網誌、講座、媒體包括電視、電影等來傳遞訊息,首先明白每個人都有患病的風險,其次是增強對心理疾病的基本認識,包括風險因素、治療、症狀等等。社會各界也應攜手合作支持及肯定精神病患及康復者在社區中的參與和貢獻,並為共創平等機會社會盡一份力。

更多有關心理健康的資訊:

心See 180 青少年精神健康計劃

憂鬱小王子之路

Holistic Health: Respect and Care

Healthy diets, nutrition, and exercises seem to be hot topics in our daily lives. Tips on maintaining physical health are often widely spread across the world. However, another important element of holistic wellbeing – mental health, is often neglected in many cultures. One of the main reasons is that mental illnesses are being stigmatized all over the world. People tend to associate negative labels with mental illness, such as violence, irrationality, insanity, and sometimes poverty and the lack of education, and so on. In fact, mental illness is like a fever of your mind; it happens when your mental state is weak and the external stress level is high. Everyone has an equal chance in suffering from mental illness. Data has shown that one in four people suffer from mental health problems at some point over the course of their lives.

With the misconception and stigma around mental disorders, people with mental illnesses often receive unequal treatment in the community, such as the lack of job opportunities, respect from others, and in most extreme case, the human right to make their own decisions of who they want to be. These people bear a lot on their own, including the pain from events triggering their emotional turmoil, side effects of treatment, and the unequal treatment from society. The path of recovery is full of challenges, as many forget they have the right to be respected too.

The theme of 2015 World Mental Health Day is dignity. It is a good time to enhance the awareness of mental health and to ponder what could be done to protect the human rights and dignity of the sufferers of mental health conditions. Let’s start with individual efforts – judge less, care more.

For more information on mental health:

Depressed Little Prince

Press Conference WSPD 2015 – Update

By | News, Press Conference | No Comments

CSRP marked the World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) 2015 with a press conference on Sept 9. Besides speaking to the latest suicide statistics in Hong Kong, the director of CSRP, Professor Paul Yip, highlighted youths mental health problems in his address this year.  In response to the theme for WSPD this year, “Reaching Out & Inspiring Lives”, two youths and their social workers were invited to speak about their experiences with online outreach services targeted at youths. With support by their social workers, the two youths were able to overcome their psychological barriers to seek help and face challenges head on. Both youth clients made great progress since they started receiving support, and are now passing on the message of hope to others. The speakers’ experiences were inspiring to many to do their part in reaching out and saving lives.